Forthcoming Publications on the Pastoral Epistles

In a recent post, we looked back at the last year’s publications on the Pastorals. Here, we’ll take a look at some forthcoming titles — expected publications whose date of release ranges from less than a month away to over a decade in the future. Most are monograph-length publications, with a few others sprinkled in for good measure. My deep thanks goes to a number of authors who helpfully were able to provide a short description of their work, and publishers who responded to inquiries about forthcoming titles! If you are aware of other forthcoming academic work on the Pastorals, please leave a comment.

The list given below is provided in pdf format (hyperlinks included) here.


Beale, Gregory K., and Christopher Beetham. Volume on the Pastorals in the Zondervan Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, forthcoming 2022. From the author: “The contribution of the commentary will be in the area of the use of the OT in the Pastoral Epistles.”

Cover image for The Law’s Universal Condemning and Enslaving Power: Reading Paul, the Old Testament, and Second Temple Jewish Literature By Bryan Blazosky

Blazosky, Bryan. The Law’s Universal Condemning and Enslaving Power. BBRSup 24. Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, forthcoming [June] 2019. Publisher’s synopsis. From the author: “In spite of the wealth of literature on Paul’s view of the Mosaic law’s relationship to Gentile Christians, little has been written about how the law relates to Gentile unbelievers. This book examines whether Paul teaches that Gentiles are condemned by and enslaved under the law. Furthermore, this study explores the logic of Paul’s approach and compares his view on this issue to views found in the Old Testament and Second Temple Jewish literature. As far as the contribution of this book to the Pastoral Epistles, on the one hand, I only cover one section of the Pastoral Epistles (1 Timothy 1:8–11) in part of one chapter (the chapter on Pauline writings outside of Galatians and Romans). On the other hand, I intentionally address 1 Timothy 1:8–11 because it is so relevant to the topic of Gentile condemnation and the law of Moses and also because this text is so often overlooked in Paul and the law studies simply because it’s in the Pastoral Epistles. In my treatment of this text, I examine what Paul means by νομίμως in 1 Timothy 1:8, Paul’s extensive allusion to the Decalogue in 1 Timothy 1:9–10, and Paul’s argument that one of the proper uses of the Mosaic law is to use it to expose and condemn the lawless.”

Bray, Gerald. Bray’s work on the Pastorals will appear in the International Theological Commentary, a newer series produced as a sort of companion series to the International Critical Commentary. ITC series webpage.

Brown, Michael I. 2 Timothy. Lectio Continua Expository Commentary on the New Testament. Dallas, GA: Tolle Lege, forthcoming.

Dodson, Joseph R. “Paul, the Pastor, and the Gift.” In Christian Origins and the Formation of the Early Church. Edited by Stanley Porter and Andrew Pitts. TENTS/ECHC 5. Leiden: Brill, forthcoming 2019 or 2020. From the author: “This essay is a modified version of a paper I delivered in San Antonio at ETS in 2016. It is a response to John M. G. Barclay’s Paul and the Gift. In that monograph, Barclay admits that his conclusions might be different if he included all of the letters ascribed to Paul, and perhaps Barclay’s promised sequel will include these other epistles. Until then, I offer this essay as an initial attempt to apply Barclay’s heuristic model beyond the undisputed letters. Therefore, I select the most relevant passages from the Pastoral Epistles regarding God’s grace-gift (1 Tim 1:12–17; 2 Tim 1:8–12; and Titus 2:11–3:8) and investigate them in view of Barclay’s six perfections on the one hand and in light of Barclay’s conclusions on the other.” 

Ebojo, Edgar Battad. “A Scribe and His Manuscript: An Investigation into the Scribal Habits of Papyrus 46 (p. Chester Beatty ii – p. Mich. Inv. 6238).” PhD thesis, University of Birmingham, 2014. The question of whether the LTT could have been part of P46 receives extended attention on pp. 204–35.
The author plans to publish the work, though no immediate plans have been made for publication; the quality of the work, however, suggests there will be no problem in finding a publisher. In the meantime, the thesis is publicly available here and supplemental information here.

Fitzgerald, John T. The Pastoral Epistles: A Commentary. Hermeneia. Minneapolis: Fortress, forthcoming. Fitzgerald’s work will replace the important Dibelius/Conzelmann volume in Hermeneia, and is slated for release in the late 2020s, around 45 years after its predecessor’s publication. Anyone familiar with Fitzgerald’s previous publications will rightly expect his Pastorals commentary to give special attention to the letters as distinctly Christian documents within the broader context of the Greco-Roman world.

Green, Brad, and Lee Gatiss. These two scholars are preparing the volume on the Pastorals in the Reformation Commentary on Scripture series. Downers Grove, IL: IVP Academic, forthcoming.

Hall, David W. 1 Timothy. Lectio Continua Expository Commentary on the New Testament. Dallas, GA: Tolle Lege, forthcoming.

Epiphanies of the Divine in the Septuagint and the New Testament

Herzer, Jens. “The Epiphany of God and the Coming of the Messiah: Reading the Septuagint with the Pastoral Epistles.” In Epiphanies of the Divine in the Septuagint and the New Testament: V. International Symposium of the Corpus Judaeo-Hellenisticum Novi Testamenti, 14–17 May 2015, Nottingham. Edited by Roland Deines and Mark Wreford. Wissenschaftliche Untersuchungen zum Neuen Testament. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, forthcoming 2019. Publisher volume description.

Hultgren, Arland J. “The Pastoral Epistles and the Scriptures of Israel.” In Paul and Scripture. Edited by Stanley E. Porter and Christopher D. Land. Pauline Studies 10. Leiden: Brill, [February] 2019.

Hutson, Christopher R. The Pastoral Epistles. Paideia Commentaries. Grand Rapids: Baker, forthcoming [November] 2019. Publisher’s description: “Among commentaries on the Pastoral Epistles, this one is distinctive for its emphasis on ministerial formation. While considering the particular features of each individual letter, Hutson reads these three letters collectively as an epistolary handbook for young ministers. The ‘Theological Issues’ sections often discuss how aspects of these letters inform Christian ministry.
“Hutson’s exegetical analysis explores how the letters reflect an early Christian community still close to its Jewish roots and living in a Greco-Roman society that is always uncomprehending and often hostile. He applies James Scott’s ‘hidden transcript’ theory to show how Pastoral Paul’s advice helped Christian communities deflect suspicion and establish positive engagement with the wider society. Hutson’s approach is fruitful for understanding ethical issues in these letters, including teachings about slavery, women, and the ethical expectations of Christian leaders. At the same time, Hutson resists a hermeneutic of suspicion that views these letters as hopelessly patriarchal and written to inculcate Roman domestic values as normative for Christian churches. Hutson mounts robust arguments against discrimination on the basis of gender, ethnicity, or social class, but he does so from the Christological and eschatological warrants that he finds to be driving the letters.
“Theological reflections are broadly ecumenical, drawing insights from Orthodox, Catholic, Anglican, Methodist, Reformed, Pietist, Pentecostal, and other traditions to show how Christians from various periods and contexts have understood and applied these letters. The goal is to open up a deep well of resources from which ministers can draw as they seek to engage new challenges in the twenty-first century.”

Jeon, Paul. 2 Timothy. Eugene, OR: Pickwick, 2020 projected.

Langford, Andrew M. Langford’s 2018 University of Chicago dissertation, “Diagnosing Deviance: Pathology and Polemic in the Pastoral Epistles,” was supervised by Margaret M. Mitchell. Several factors suggest its eventual publication, so I include here the abstract provided at ProQuest: “This dissertation argues that the single, post-Pauline author of the Pastoral Epistles crafts a stigmatizing depiction of his theological opponents by spatializing, demonizing, and pathologizing their alleged deviance in order to provide an authoritative model for how to address unwanted diversity in teaching, community norms, church governance, and the interpretation of Paul’s letters in the post-Pauline era. It demonstrates that the Pastor creatively synthesizes diverse sources, pursuing his agenda both through creative acts of authorial fiction that draw upon key themes and terms from the Pauline homologoumena and through the appropriation of language and ideas from contemporary philosophical and medical discourses. This dissertation contributes new insights on the traditional problem of opponents in the Pastorals by 1) identifying and interpreting hitherto under-appreciated narrative devices like the spatializing of deviance and obedience, 2) demonstrating through research in ancient medical literature that the Pastor’s use of medical imagery is more pervasive and cohesive than previously thought, 3) arguing for the necessity of interpreting the Pastor’s pathologizing of deviance in light of ancient disease etiologies and models of corporeality, 4) demonstrating the pervasiveness and function of the rhetoric of mental illness (itself a culturally constructed category drawn upon polemically by the Pastor) with insights from disability studies, and 5) drawing upon recent interpretive insights about the function of authorial fiction and “corrective composition” to demonstrate that the Pastor is self-consciously appropriating particular moments in the Pauline epistolary in order to craft a backwards and forward-looking approach to the problem of opponents per se in the Pastoral Epistles. This dissertation constitutes another contributing argument for the unified composition of these letters as a mini-corpus designed to supplement an emerging corpus of Paul’s letters.”

MacLean, Malcolm. Titus and Philemon. Lectio Continua Expository Commentary on the New Testament. Dallas, GA: Tolle Lege, forthcoming.

Frauen im antiken Judentum und frühen Christentum

Merz, Annette. “‘New’ Woman? Bruce W. Winters These und ihre Rezeption in der exegetischen Diskussion kritisch beleuchtet.” Pages 209-34 in Frauen im antiken Judentum und frühen Christentum. Edited by Jörg Frey and Nicole Rupschus. WUNT 2. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, forthcoming [May] 2019. Publisher volume description.

Merz, Annette. Merz is preparing for publication an expanded English-language version of her article “Gen(de)red power: Die Macht des Genres im Streit um die Frauenrolle in Pastoralbriefen und Paulusakten.” HTS Teologiese Studies 68.1 (2012): 71–80.

Nel, Marius. 1–2 Timothy, Titus. The Story of God Bible Commentary. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, forthcoming.

Pao, David W. Volume on the Pastorals in the Brill Exegetical Commentary Series. Leiden: Brill, forthcoming 2020 or 2021. According to Brill, this new commentary series is projected to launch at the end of 2019, so Pao’s volume should be one of the first published in the series. From the author: “There will be five major sections for each paragraph of biblical text: translation, text-critical analysis, grammatical analysis, historical analysis, and theological analysis. Unique to this series is close interaction with the Greek text, informed by recent developments in the study of the Greek language.”

Porter, Stanley E. Pastoral Epistles. Baker Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament. Grand Rapids, Baker: forthcoming. From the author: “This commentary approaches the Pastoral Epistles as letters written by the apostle Paul. Several of the distinctives are consideration of issues surrounding time and place of authorship, appraisal of the influence of context upon interpretation of what Paul writes, and a fuller consideration of issues of language than contained in most commentaries. As a result of such considerations, there are a number of new readings of passages offered that attempt to break out of some interpretations that are grounded more in tradition than they are in the language of the text.”

Smith, Andrew. Smith is working on the Pastorals in the Editio Critica Maior project. He contributed this information about his work: “I estimate the editorial work for the ECM edition of the Pastoral Epistles should take 3-5 years. However, there are a number of factors that make an estimate difficult: (1) we are using a larger data set than the other ECM project teams (~300 manuscripts), at least for the collation step (i.e., not all of these manuscripts will make it to the apparatus); (2) the schedules for the versionists’ work may not align well with this project (that may cause a delay); and (3) we’re the first project team that has no central meeting place for an editorial board (such as the INTF).”

Stanley, Steve. 1 & 2 Timothy, Titus. Evangelical Exegetical Commentary.

Van Neste, Ray. Van Neste is working on the Pastorals volume in the Exegetical Guide to the Greek New Testament series. Nashville: B&H Academic, forthcoming.

Wieland, George. “Sin and Its Remedy in the Pastoral Epistles.” Wieland will be contributing this chapter to a publication (edited by John Goodrich and Nijay Gupta) which collects and supplements the work of a recent IBR study group on Sin and Its Remedy in Paul. Projected publication date: 2019.

Zamfir, Korinna. “Eusebeia, Sōtēria and Civic Loyalty in the Pastoral Epistles.” In “Make Disciples of All Nations”: The Appeal and Authority of Christian Faith in Hellenistic-Roman Times. Edited by Loren T. Stuckenbruck, Beth Langstaff, and Michael Tilly. Wissenschaftliche Untersuchungen zum Neuen Testament 2/482. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, forthcoming [March] 2019. Publisher volume description.

In addition to the above publications, Jermo van Nes is editing the presentations from the recent conference held in Leuven, Belgium (program) titled “The Pastoral Epistles: Common Themes, Individual Compositions?” They are forthcoming in an issue of Journal for the Study of Paul and His Letters.

Additionally, the proceedings of the Mainz “Ethics in Titus” conference, organized by Ruben Zimmermann and Dogara Ishaya Manomi, are planned for publication in the WUNT series.

“Ethics in Titus”: Upcoming Conference in Mainz, September 12-14, 2019

This important gathering of students of the Epistle to Titus will be well worth attending. The lineup of presenters includes many well-known Pastorals scholars. The brochure reproduced below may be accessed online.

2018 Publications on the Pastorals

Below is our annual list of publications on 1 & 2 Timothy and Titus from the previous calendar year. It was a robust year for new publications on the letters in 2018, with over fifty items in this list, and doubtless some we missed! If you are aware of any others, could you please leave a comment?

(Thanks to John Percival for contributing to this list.)


Adams, Edward. “The Shape of the Pauline Churches.” Pages 119–46 in The Oxford Handbook of Ecclesiology. Edited by Paul Avis. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018.

Beck, David R. “The Linguistic Features of Second Timothy and Its Purpose.” Pages 159‒75 in New Testament Philology: Essays in Honor of David Alan Black. Edited by Melton Bennett Winstead. Eugene, OR: Wipf & Stock, 2018. W&S volume description.

Bieringer, Reimund, ed. 2 Timothy and Titus Reconsidered: Der 2. Timotheus- und der Titusbrief in neuem Licht. Colloquium Oecumenicum Paulinum 20. Leuven: Peeters, 2018. Peeters volume description // TOC.

Bieringer, Reimund. “Der 2. Timotheus- und der Titusbrief in der Diskussion.” Pages 5–16 in 2 Timothy and Titus Reconsidered: Der 2. Timotheus- und der Titusbrief in neuem Licht. Edited by Reimund Bieringer. Colloquium Oecumenicum Paulinum 20. Leuven: Peeters, 2018.

Cooper, Marjorie J. “The Prohibition in 1 Timothy 2:12 in Light of Eve’s Having Been Deceived (1 Tim. 2:14‒15).” Presbyterion 44.1 (2018): 115‒25.

Cosgrove, Charles H. “The Syntax of Early Christian Hymns and Prayers: Revisiting Relative and Participial Styles for Making Assertions about a Deity.” Early Christianity 9.2 (2018): 158‒80. German abstract online // Translate. [addresses 1 Tim 3:16]

Da Silva Gamito, José Aristides. “Violência e gênero no texto bíblico: O silenciamento das mulheres na Primeira Epístola a Timóteo 2, 9-15.” Unitas—Revista Eletrônica de Teologia e Ciências das Religiões 6.1 (2018): 1–12. Online. [English-language abstract included]

Dulk, Matthijs Den. “No More Itch (2 Tim 4.3).” New Testament Studies 64.1 (2018): 81–93. Abstract online.

Edsall, Benjamin A. “Hermogenes the Smith and Narrative Characterisation in The Acts of Paul: A Note on the Reception of 2 Timothy.” New Testament Studies 64.1 (2018): 108–21. Abstract online.

Ehrensperger, Kathy. “Διδάσκαλος ἐθνῶν—Pauline Trajectories According to 1 Timothy.” Pages 88–104 in The Early Reception of Paul the Second Temple Jew: Text, Narrative and Reception History. Edited by Isaac W. Oliver and Gabriele Boccaccini with Joshua Scott. Library of Second Temple Studies 92. London: Bloomsbury T&T Clark, 2019. [e-book version released in 2018] Online publisher description. From the volume forward: “Ehrensperger examines the depiction of Paul in 1 Timothy as the
διδάσκαλος ἐθνῶν, which, she contends, stands in clear succession of Paul’s self-presentation in the undisputed letters as the ἀπόστολος ἐθνῶν. By remembering Paul as the διδάσκαλος ἐθνῶν, 1 Timothy can develop a number of issues that Paul addressed to the ἔθνη in Christ. Similarly to the undisputed Pauline letters, the guidance provided in 1 Timothy is clearly envisioned as rooted in Jewish traditions in as much as these are applied to ἔθνη. The advice provided, in other words, is specific rather than universally addressed to all who are in Christ. With this framework in mind, Ehrensperger discusses those passages in 1 Timothy that deal with widows. She argues that the concern for widows in 1 Timothy is seen as part of the obligation to ‘remember the poor’ in analogy to contemporary Jewish practice based on traditional notions of social justice (צדקה), which are applied to the ἐκκλησίαι ἐθνῶν.”

Elengabecka, Elvis. “La rhétorique de la temporalité dans les épîtres pastorales.” Pages 377–95 in Perceptions du temps dans la Bible. Edited by M. Staszak and M. Leroy. Etudes Bibliques 77. Leuven: Peeters, 2018. (Abstract: “The present study wishes to highlight the concept of time that one finds in the language and argumentation of the Pastoral Epistles. We will do this by studying a number of texts, especially Titus 2:11-14; 3:3-7, as well as certain expressions such as ‘καιρός’, ‘πνεῦμα’. In any case, whether situated in their contexts or internal coherence, the literary entities that we are going to study, present time as a reality which unifies the different aspects of human existence, which are normally distinct from each other.”)

Fisher, Timothy W. “Reimagining Paul’s Infamous Words toward Women: 1 Timothy 2:8–15 as Performance Literature.” Ph.D. diss., Trinity Theological Seminary (Evansville, IN), 2018. Online.

Flichy, Odile. “Une lecture de Tite 1,1–2,15.” Pages 111–31 in 2 Timothy and Titus Reconsidered: Der 2. Timotheus- und der Titusbrief in neuem Licht . Edited by Reimund Bieringer. Colloquium Oecumenicum Paulinum 20. Leuven: Peeters, 2018.

Glancy, Jennifer A. “‘To Serve Them All the More’: Christian Slaveholders and Christian Slaves in Antiquity.” Pages 23–49 in Slaving Zones: Cultural Identities, Ideologies, and Institutions in the Evolution of Global Slavery. Edited by Jeff Fynn-Paul and Damian Alan Pargas. Studies in Global Slavery 4. Leiden: Brill, 2018. Brill description. [briefly interacts with 1 Tim 6:1-2]

Gordley, Matthew E. New Testament Christological Hymns: Exploring Texts, Contexts, and Significance. Downers Grove, IL: IVP Academic, 2018. IVP description. [1 Tim 3:16 covered on pp. 183-190]

Gourgues, Michel. “2 Timothée 2,1–26, ou le lieu de fracture.” Pages 39–62 in 2 Timothy and Titus Reconsidered: Der 2. Timotheus- und der Titusbrief in neuem Licht. Edited by Reimund Bieringer. Colloquium Oecumenicum Paulinum 20. Leuven: Peeters, 2018.  

Gourgues, Michel. “Le mystère du Christ Jésus dans les deux lettres à Timothée et la lettre à Tite : Tantôt en amont, tantôt en aval, tantôt en coïncidence.” Pages 257–90 in Paul et son Seigneur: Trajectoires christologiques des épîtres paulinienne: XXVIe congrès de l’Association catholique française pour l’étude de la Bible (Angiers, 2016). Edited by Christophe Raimbault. Paris: Cerf, 2018. Cerf volume description.

Gourgues, Michel. “Temps court et temps long, temps urgent et temps courant: une tension interne dans la seconde lettre à Timothée.” Pages 396–418 in Perceptions du temps dans la Bible. Edited by M. Staszak and M. Leroy. Etudes Bibliques 77. Leuven: Peeters, 2018. (Abstract: “Both those who claim and those who deny that 2 Tim is authentic can find, in the letter itself, reasons to justify their position. However, one may wonder if these take sufficiently into account some differences and tensions within this letter. The reading of 2 Tim proposed here reveals two sections, distinct and separable from various points of view, notably the use of two different ways of representing time. Thus detecting two different sections within the letter results in a new way of addressing the question of the authenticity of 2 Tim.”)

Gourgues, Michel. “Second Timothy.” Pages 1465–71 in The Paulist Bible Commentary. Edited by José Enrique Aguilar Chiu et al. Mahwah, NJ: Paulist, 2018.

Graham, Brett Martin. “Echoes of Scripture and the Jewish Pseudepigrapha in the Pastoral Epistles: Including a Method of Identifying High-interest Parallels.” PhD thesis, University of Sydney, 2018. Online.

Hagner, Donald A. How New Is the New Testament? First-Century Judaism and the Emergence of Christianity. Grand Rapids: Baker, 2018. Baker description. [distinct PE treatment on 132–35]

Henson, Joshua D. “The Role of Biblical Values in the Development of the Mission and Vision of Ethical Organizations: An Examination of the Epistle to Titus.” Journal of Biblical Perspectives in Leadership 8.1 (2018): 186–201. Online.

Herzer, Jens. “Paulustradition Und Paulusrezeption In Den Pastoralbriefen.” In Receptions of Paul in Early Christianity: The Person of Paul and His Writings Through the Eyes of His Early Interpreters. Edited by Jens Schröter, Simon Butticaz, and Andreas Dettwiler. Beihefte zur Zeitschrift für die neutestamentliche Wissenschaft 234. Berlin: de Gruyter, 2018. De Gruyter volume description. Abstract: “The place of the Pastoral Epistles within the collection of Pauline letters depends decisively on two aspects: the assessment of their relation to Paul himself as well as to the other letters, and the evaluation of their literary character. Depending on these variables, the concepts of tradition, transmission, transformation, and reception are no longer sharply defined but instead represent aspects of a complex discourse. Within this discourse, each of the Pastorals has its own character: 1 Timothy reveals a relation to Paul and the Pauline tradition that is different to those in Titus and 2 Timothy. Therefore, each of these three letters shows a specific profile with regard to both the reception of Paul (or Pauline ideas) and the definition of Pauline tradition.”

Herzer, Jens. “Titus 3,1–15: Gottes Menschenfreundlichkeit und die ethische Relevanz christlicher Hoffnung.” Pages 133–79 in 2 Timothy and Titus Reconsidered: Der 2. Timotheus- und der Titusbrief in neuem Licht. Edited by Reimund Bieringer. Colloquium Oecumenicum Paulinum 20. Leuven: Peeters, 2018.

Jere, Qeko, and Vhumani Magezi. “Pastoral Letters and the Church in the Public Square: An Assessment of the Role of Pastoral Letters in Influencing Democratic Processes in Malawi.” Verbum et Ecclesia 39.1 (2018): 1‒9. Online.

Joshua, Nathan Nzyoka. Benefaction and Patronage in Leadership: A Socio-Historical Exegesis of the Pastoral Epistles. Carlisle, Cumbria, UK: Langham, 2018. Publisher’s description.

Kaiser, Ursula Ulrike. Die Rede von “Wiedergeburt” im Neuen Testament: Ein metapherntheoretisch orientierter Neuansatz nach 100 Jahren Forschungsgeschichte. Wissenschaftliche Untersuchungen zum Neuen Testament 413. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2018. [Significant discussions of Titus 3:5] Publisher volume description.

Kamphuis, Bart L. F. New Testament Conjectural Emendation in the Nineteenth Century: Jan Handrik Holwerda as a Pioneer of Method. NTTSD 56. Leiden: Brill, 2018. Brill volume description. [Kamphuis discusses Holwerda’s proposed emendations of 1 Tim 2:15 and 5:13.]

Karakolis, Christos. “Drawing Authority and Exerting Power in the Second Letter to Timothy: Some Initial Remarks and the Example of 2 Timothy 3,1–17.” Pages 63–86 in 2 Timothy and Titus Reconsidered: Der 2. Timotheus- und der Titusbrief in neuem Licht. Edited by Reimund Bieringer. Colloquium Oecumenicum Paulinum 20. Leuven: Peeters, 2018.

Karaman, Elif Hilal. Ephesian Women in Greco-Roman and Early Christian Perspective. Wissenschaftliche Untersuchungen zum Neuen Testament 2/474. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2018. Publisher volume description.

Köstenberger, Andreas J. “The Practice of Biblical Theology: How Is Biblical Theology Done?” Midwestern Journal of Theology 17.1 (2018): 14–27. Online.
[uses as a case study the theology of the Pastorals, pp. 15–21]

LaFosse, Mona Tokarek. “Those Who Hear: The Power of Learners in 1 Timothy.” Pages 147–70 in Religions and Education in Antiquity: Studies in Honour of Michel Desjardins. Edited by Alex Damm. Numen: Studies in the History of Religions 160. Leiden: Brill, 2018. Brill volume description.

Langford, Andrew Mark. “Diagnosing Deviance: Pathology and Polemic in the Pastoral Epistles.” PhD diss., University of Chicago, 2018.

Lévy, Luc Bulundwe. “Ethics and Pseudepigraphy—Do the Ends Always Justify the Means?” Athens Journal of Humanities and the Arts x.y (2018). Online. [focus on 2 Timothy]

MacDonald, Margaret Y. “Always Be Steady and Endure Suffering (2 Timothy 4,1‒22): Advising the Teacher in the Roman Imperial World.” Pages 87–109 in 2 Timothy and Titus Reconsidered: Der 2. Timotheus- und der Titusbrief in neuem Licht. Edited by Reimund Bieringer. Colloquium Oecumenicum Paulinum 20. Leuven: Peeters, 2018.

Maier, Harry O. “Marcion the Circumcizer.” Pages 97–108 in Marcion of Sinope as Religious Entrepreneur. Edited by Markus Vinzent. Studia Patristica 99. Leuven: Peeters, 2018. Online volume description. Abstract: “A chief element against the view that the pseudonymous Pastorals (1 and 2 Timothy and Titus) polemicize against Marcion is the association of opponents with Judaism. The essay addresses this apparent contradiction through an analysis of Tit. 1:10, where the author represents the opposition as ‘of the circumcision.’ The article argues that the reference is a rhetorical charge against Marcion as guilty of promoting community discord. Paul’s report of Gal. 1:18-2:14 was important to Marcion as an account of the apostle’s dedication to his revealed Gospel against opponents in/from Jerusalem. Acts, perhaps motivated by an anti-Marcionite polemic, represents an alternative account, not of Paul opposed by Jerusalem Christ followers, but endorsed by them. The essay observes how Irenaeus and Tertullian in opposition to Marcion seek to harmonize the report from Acts and the confrontation of Paul with Peter in Gal. 2:10-14, to show how Paul never separated from the other disciples, but was instructed by them. The Pastorals polemicize against Marcion in a different way by turning the tables on him and associating him with ‘false brethren’ (Gal. 2:4) and the ‘circumcision party’ (Gal. 2:12; Acts 11:2; 15:2) opposed to Paul’s Gospel. As such they pillory their opponent as a factionalist and thus use the unique accounts reported in Galatians, so important to Marcion, against him.”

Marx, Benjamin. “‘Wifely Submission’ and ‘Husbandly Authority’ in Plutarch’s Moralia and the Corpus Paulinum: A Comparison.” Journal of Greco-Roman Christianity and Judaism 14 (2018): 56–88. Online. [CP texts examined include 1 Tim 2:8–15; Tit 2:4-5]

McKnight, W. Shawn. Understanding the Diaconate: Historical, Theological, and Sociological Foundations. Washington, D.C.: The Catholic University of America Press, 2018. Online volume description. [discussion of 1 Tim 3:8–13 on pp. 24–26]

Müller, Karl. Paulus’ Gefangenshaften das Ende der Apostelgeschichte und die Pastoralbriefe. Bibelstudien 19. Munster: LIT, 2018. LIT description. TOC online.

Neudorfer, Heinz-Werner. Der erste Brief des Paulus an Timotheus. 3rd edition. Historisch-Theologische Auslegung. Wuppertal: R. Brockhaus, 2018. Publisher description.

O’Donovan, Oliver. “Neither Sober nor of Sound Mind: Timothy’s Spirit of sōphronismos.” Pages 346–62 in One God, One People, One Future: Essays in Honor of N. T. Wright. Edited by John Anthony Dunne and Eric Lewellen. Minneapolis: Fortress, 2018. (From the volume’s forward, pp. 10-11: “Oliver O’Donovan … focuses directly on the pastoral injunction in 2 Timothy 1.7. … English translations oscillate between ‘soberness’ and ‘sound mind’ as the interpretation for sōphronismos. After an analysis of 140 uses of sōphronismos in pagan and Christian texts from the end of the first century BCE to the end of the fifth century CE, O’Donovan makes two observations on the term’s semantic spectrum: (1) in most occurrences the term refers to an event that makes a moral difference to one who experiences or perceives it; (2) most uses from the first two centuries speak of moral direction, warning and restraint. This evidence suggests a different interpretation of 2 Timothy 1.7: the spirit given to the Church is one ‘of power, love, and moral instruction.’”)

Olson, Jon C. “Intertextuality, Paul within Judaism, and the Biblical Witness against Same-Sex Practice.” Evangelical Quarterly 89.3 (2018): 222–239. [engages 1 Tim 1:10] (Abstract: “In attempting to overturn the biblical witness against same-sex practice, several scholars and ecclesial bodies neglect intertextuality. Attention to where one Scripture interprets another helps to establish meaning and authorial intent. The Genesis creation story is used in Leviticus, the Gospels, and Romans, and Leviticus used in Acts, Romans, 1 Corinthians, and 1 Timothy. Paul was Jewish in his teaching against same-sex practice and in appealing to the Septuagint. The biblical witness against same-sex practice is rooted in creation, and the practice of reading the biblical witness against such behavior in a canonic synthesis reflects the intentions of the writers. The context of the passages, and the dynamic interplay between them, bring themes of God’s creative intentions, guidance, wrath, and redeeming righteousness together.”)

Penna, Romano. “Philanthropy of God and Human Works in Titus 3,4-7 and in 2 Timothy 1,9-10.” Pages 181–92 in 2 Timothy and Titus Reconsidered: Der 2. Timotheus- und der Titusbrief in neuem Licht. Edited by Reimund Bieringer. Colloquium Oecumenicum Paulinum 20. Leuven: Peeters, 2018.  

Powell, Mark Allan, “The Pastoral Letters: 1 Timothy, 2 Timothy, Titus.” Pages 413‒29 in Introducing the New Testament: A Historical, Literary, and Theological Survey. 2nd ed. Grand Rapids: Baker, 2018. Baker volume description.

Punt, Jeremy. “Gender Studies and Biblical Interpretation: (How) Does Theory Matter?” The African Journal of Gender and Religion 24.2 (2018): 68–94. Online. [1 Tim 2:8–15]

Rambiert-Kwasniewska, Anna. “Mąż jednej żony? [Husband of one wife?] (1 Tm 3,2).” Nowe Życie 35 (2018): 6/518, 12-13.

Rolle, Sarah. “Titus 2:1–10: Trait Theory of Followership.” Journal of Biblical Perspectives in Leadership 8.1 (2018): 168–85. Online.

Schreiner, Thomas R. “Paul and Gender: A Review Article.” Themelios 43.2 (2018): 178‒92. Online.

Schweitzer, Don. “The Role of Human Response in the Resurrection of Jesus Christ.” Toronto Journal of Theology 34.1 (2018): 63–77. Abstract and related video online. [Engages 1 Tim 3:16]

Shaner, Katherine Ann. Enslaved Leadership in Early Christianity. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018. OUP volume description. [note chap. 5, “Power in the Ekklēsia: Contesting Enslaved Leadership in 1 Timothy and Ignatius”]

Skinner, Matthew L. “The Pastoral Letters (1 Timothy, 2 Timothy, and Titus).” Chapter 13 in A Companion to the New Testament: Paul and the Pauline Letters. Waco, TX: Baylor University Press, 2018. BUP volume description.

Smith, Mitzi J., and Yung Suk Kim. “1–2 Timothy and Titus.” Pages 285–92 in Toward Decentering the New Testament: A Reintroduction. Eugene, OR: Cascade, 2018. W&S volume description.

Söding, Thomas. “1 Timothy.“ In The Paulist Bible Commentary. Edited by José Enrique Aguilar Chiu et al. Mahwah, NJ: Paulist, 2018.

Stuhlmacher, Peter. Biblical Theology of the New Testament. Translated by Daniel P. Bailey. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2018. Eerdmans description. [considerable passim treatment of the PE in “The Proclamation in the Period after Paul,” pp. 431-87]

Theobald, Michael. “Titus.“ In The Paulist Bible Commentary. Edited by José Enrique Aguilar Chiu et al. Mahwah, NJ: Paulist, 2018.

Thurén, Lauri. “Divine Headhunting? The Function of the Qualifications of Deacons in 1 Tim 3:8–13.” Pages 117–30 in Deacons and Diakonia in Early Christianity. Edited by Bart J. Koet, Edwina Murphy, and Esko Ryökäs. Wissenschaftliche Untersuchungen zum Neuen Testament 2/479. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2018. Publisher volume description.

Van Nes, Jermo. “Hapax legomena in Disputed Pauline Letters: A Reassessment.” Zeitschrift für die neutestamentliche Wissenschaft 109.1 (2018): 118–37. Abstract online.

Van Nes, Jermo. “Missing ‘Particles’ in Disputed Pauline Letters? A Question of Method.” Journal for the Study of the New Testament 40.3 (2018): 383–98. Abstract online.

Van Nes, Jermo. Pauline Language and the Pastoral Epistles: A Study of Linguistic Variation in the Corpus Paulinum. Linguistic Biblical Studies 16. Leiden: Brill, 2018. Brill description.

Veiss, Suzana Dobric. “Follower Development: Paul’s Charge to Timothy.” Journal of Biblical Perspectives in Leadership 8.1 (2018): 150–67. Online.

Walter, Katherine Clark. The Profession of Widowhood: Widows, Pastoral Care, and Medieval Models of Holiness. Washington, D.C.: The Catholic University of America Press, 2018. Online volume description. [note the treatment of 1 Tim 5 in chap. 1, “Creating the Widow in the Early Church,” pp. 24–76]

Wilson, Beth L. “Authentic Leadership: Paul’s Instructions to Titus.” Journal of Biblical Perspectives in Leadership 8.1 (2018): 202–12. Online.

Wolter, Michael. “Der Apostel und sein Schüler: 2 Timotheus 1,1–18.” Pages 17–37 in 2 Timothy and Titus Reconsidered: Der 2. Timotheus- und der Titusbrief in neuem Licht. Edited by Reimund Bieringer. Colloquium Oecumenicum Paulinum 20. Leuven: Peeters, 2018.

Wright, Tom. Paul: A Biography. London: SPCK, 2018. [PE discussed on pp. 394–97]

Yarbrough, Robert W. The Letters to Timothy and Titus. Pillar New Testament Commentary. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2018. Eerdmans description. (previous posts on this volume)

The Pastorals in NTA 62.3 (2018)

The Letters to Timothy and Titus are usually fairly well represented in New Testament Abstracts, but the present volume has fairly slim pickings.

We find in the “Epistles-Revelation” section only a single entry for the LTT, an article which engages 1 Tim 3:16:

Cosgrove, Charles H. “The Syntax of Early Christian Hymns and Prayers: Revisiting Relative and Participial Styles for Making Assertions about a Deity.” Early Christianity 9.2 (2018): 158‒80.

Elsewhere in the issue, we find several items which connect with the letters:

Che R. Seabourne, “New Directions in Redaction Criticism and Women: A Discussion Based on Fiorenza’s In Memory of Her and Other Sources,” Theology 119.5 (2016): 335-41. (Seabourne engages “the contrast between 1 Corinthians and 1 Timothy”)

Jon C. Olson, “Intertextuality, Paul within Judaism, and the Biblical Witness against Same-Sex Practice,” Evangelical Quarterly 89.3 (2018): 222-39. (engages 1 Tim 1:10)

Preston C. Massey, “Dress Codes at Roman Corinth and Two Hellenic Sites: What Do the Inscriptions at Andania and Lycosura Tell Us about 1 Corinthians 11.2–16?” Journal of Greco-Roman Christianity and Judaism 11 (2015): 51-81. (Massey connects his research in 1 Cor 11 with 1 Tim 2:9 and 1 Pet 3:3 [pp. 74-78], arguing that “Whenever braiding or the plaiting of hair is mentioned in ancient Greek texts, the context focuses upon both ostentatious and risqué behavior.”)

Two pertinent essays are listed in Lois K. Fuller Dow, Craig A. Evans, and Andrew W. Pitts, eds., The Language and Literature of the New Testament: Essays in Honor of Stanley E. Porter’s 60th Birthday (BIS 150; Leiden: Brill, 2017):
Andrew W. Pitts and Joshua D. Tyra, “Exploring Linguistic Variation in an Ancient Greek Single-Author Corpus: A Register Design Analysis of Josephus and Pauline Pseudonymity” (pp. 257–83)
Michael J. Kruger, “First Timothy 5:18 and Early Canon Consciousness: Reconsidering a Problematic Text” (pp. 680–700)

Bart L. F. Kamphuis, New Testament Conjectural Emendation in the Nineteenth Century: Jan Handrik Holwerda as a Pioneer of Method (NTTSD 56; Leiden: Brill, 2018). Kamphuis discusses Holwerda’s proposed emendations of 1 Tim 2:15 and 5:13.

Frances Young’s essay “The Pastoral Epistles and the Ethics of Reading” (JSNT 45 [1992]: 105-20) is now included in a collection of her essays: Ways of Reading Scripture: Collected Papers (WUNT 369; Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2018), 291-304.

Robert W. Yarbrough, The Letters to Timothy and Titus. Pillar New Testament Commentary. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2018. (see this blog’s earlier three posts on the volume)

Two pertinent essays are listed in Brian S. Rosner, Andrew S. Malone, and Trevor J. Burke, Paul as Pastor (New York: Bloomsbury T&T Clark, 2017):
Tim Patrick, “The Pastoral Offices in the Pastoral Epistles and the Church of England’s First Ordinal” (pp. 159–82)
Robert W. Yarbrough, “Paul as Working Pastor: Exposing an Open Ethical Secret” (pp. 143–58; the essay is incorporated into the introduction of Yarbrough’s Pillar commentary)

1 Tim 3:16 is discussed in Matthew E. Gordley, New Testament Christological Hymns: Exploring Texts, Contexts, and Significance (Downers Grove, IL: IVP Academic, 2018), pp. 183-190.

And the LTT are, of course, discussed in the freshly translated Peter Stuhlmacher, Biblical Theology of the New Testament (trans. and ed. Daniel Bailey; Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2018), making more accessible the original Biblische Theologie des Neuen Testaments. Stuhlmacher’s discussion of the letters may be found throughout the section entitled “The Proclamation in the Period after Paul,” pp. 431-87.

Bob Yarbrough: 5 Big Surprises in the PE

At the Eerdmans blog, there is a recent post where Bob Yarbrough, author of the recent Pillar Commentary on the Pastorals, answers the question, “As you worked through the biblical text, what surprised you?”

I resonate with Bob’s answers. The points aren’t particularly surprising to many (including Bob, I suppose) who have worked with the Pastorals for years, but they are contradictory to prevailing opinions about these valuable letters. This is a great little piece, and I encourage you to read it.

Thanks to Chuck Bumgardner for the heads up on this piece.

Free Commentary

The free book of the month this month from Logos is Aída Spencer’s New Covenant Commentary: 2 Timothy and Titus

Conference on the Pastorals in Belgium

There is an upcoming conference on the Pastorals in Belgium that looks very interesting. Here is the description:

The Center of Excellence in Reformed and Evangelical Theology (CERET) hosted by the Theologische Universiteit Kampen and the Evangelische Theologische Faculteit Leuven (ETF Leuven) organizes a thematic seminar sponsored by NOSTER on the origin of the so-called Pastoral Epistles (1-2 Timothy and Titus). Joining an ongoing debate, a team of international scholars and respondents from a variety of backgrounds and perspectives will gather to discuss the question whether these New Testament writings were written as individual letters or composed as an intentional letter corpus. Scholars, students, and all who are involved in the academic study of the Pastoral Epistles are warmly invited.

You can see the press release here and view the program for the event here.

It looks very promising, and I am told they aim to publish the papers in a theme volume of the Journal for the Study of Paul and His Letters in the near future. It is encouraging to see such interest in the Pastorals.

Interview with Bob Yarbrough about His New Commentary

Mike Bird has posted an interview with Bob Yarbrough about his new commentary on the Pastoral Epistles which has just recently been released. It is well worth reading, imbued with the verve and insight we’ve come to expect from Yarbrough.

Here is just one example:

Paul talks a lot about guarding the faith (1 Tim 6:20; 2 Tim 1:14). How do we “guard” the faith that has been entrusted to us today?

Assuming we have come into a saving relationship with God through repentance and faith in Christ who died for us and rose, we have to know and be growing in the faith. I’m not talking about the experience of faith but the articles of true Christian belief. The Apostles’ Creed is a good summary. Western Christianity has notoriously often gutted Christian belief of its pillars, like Jesus’ divinity and resurrection. We don’t guard the faith when we alter it to satisfy the demands of its cultured despisers, or when we make it more about human experience than the divine verities that give religious experience its validity.

Do yourself a favor and read this brief interview.

New Commentary by Bob Yarbrough

I have been eagerly anticipating Bob Yarbrough’s Pillar commentary on the Pastorals, so I was pleased to hear from Chuck Bumgardner that it is due out next week (release date 8/28). Yarbrough’s 1-3 John is one of the best commentaries I’ve read, and I’ve had the opportunity to hear he present some of his Pastorals research, so this promises to be a great volume.

It is available for pre-order at Amazon, but as Chuck pointed out the book is actually available for a much chepaer price at Target!

PE Related Papers at Upcoming Conferences

Thanks to Chuck Bumgardner, we have a list of papers related to the Pastorals slated for upcoming academic conferences.

ETS 2018 (in addition to the Pastoral Epistles Study Group)


Mary L. Conway (McMaster Divinity College): “Gender in Genesis 1-3 in Conversation with 1 Timothy 2”

Marjorie J. Cooper (Baylor University): “Analysis and Conclusions Regarding 1 Tim 2:8‒3:1a”

P. Sweeney (Winebrenner Theological Seminary): “The Spirit’s Warning of Apostasy in 1 Tim. 4:1‒3: A Pressing Concern in 1 Timothy”

Brian H. Tung (Trinity Evangelical Divinity School): “’Savior of All People’: Distinguishing Universality from Universalism in the Pastoral Epistles”


SBL 2018

Adam Booth (Duke University): “Paul among the Physicians: 1 Tim 2:15 and Salvation in a Context of Contested Health Claims”

Meira Z. Kensky (Coe College): “‘Thus a Teacher Must Be’: Pedagogical Formation in John Chrysostom’s Homilies on 1 and 2 Timothy”

Lyn Kidson (Macquarie University): “Fasting, Bodily Care, and the Widows of 1 Timothy 5:3‒15”

Andrew M. Langford (University of Chicago): “A New Solution to the Riddle of Timothy’s ‘Stomach and Frequent Ailments’ (1 Timothy 5:23): Sins, Signs, and Stigma in Ancient Philosophical and Medical Diagnosis”

Dogara Ishaya Manomi (Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz): “Towards an African Biblical Virtue Ethics? Hermeneutical and Methodological Reflections with Insights from the Letter to Titus”

Anna C. Miller (Xavier University): “‘Not with gold, pearls, or expensive clothes’: Wealthy Women, Speech, and Citizenship in 1 Timothy and the Democratic Polis”

Dan Nässelqvist (Lund University): “Christological Hymns in an Ancient Perspective: What We Can Learn from Embedded Prose Hymns in Non-Christian Sources” [engages 1 Tim 3:16]

W. Andrew Smith (Shepherds Theological Seminary): “Moving Forward on the Pastoral Epistles ECM [Editio Critica Maior]”

David Trobisch (Museum of the Bible): “Listening to Paul: Letter Collections as a Narrative Genre” [special attention given to the Pastorals]

Cynthia Long Westfall (McMaster Divinity College): “Texts and Social Contexts: Sets of Possibilities for Pauline Texts Concerning Gender”


International SBL 2018

Sharon Jacob (Pacific School of Religion): “Under the Guise of Modesty! Women’s Bodies, Cultural Purity, and the Politics of Dress in 1 Timothy 2:8‒15: A Contextual, Feminist, and Postcolonial Reading”

Cory B. Louie (University of Notre Dame): “Imitating Paul in His Many Contests: Life, Death, and the Ambiguous Metaphors of 2 Tim 4:6‒8”

Kwang Meng Low (National University of Singapore): “Paul Beyond Piety: A Reading of Paul’s Injunction to Prayer (1 Timothy 2:1‒7)”

Dogara Ishaya Manomi (Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz): “Virtue in the Letter to Titus”

Richard K. Min (University of Texas at Dallas): “The Liar Paradox in Titus 1:12”

Jermo van Nes (Evangelische Theologische Faculteit): “Peculiar Language in the Pastoral Epistles? A Reassessment of Register Variation as an Explanatory Model”