New Coptic Fragments of 2 Timothy & Titus

In the most recent Journal of Biblical Literature, Brice C. Jones has published an article on three new Coptic papyrus fragments that witness text of the Pastoral Epistles.

Brice C. Jones, “Three New Coptic Papyrus Fragments of 2 Timothy and Titus (P.Mich. inv. 3535b)”. Journal of Biblical Literature, no 2 (2014): 389–397.

The article provides discussion and transcriptions of the fragments. Text on the fragments are:

  • Fragment 1: 2 Tim 2:14–18; 2:26–3:3
  • Fragment 2: 2 Tim 1:6–11; 1:18–2:6
  • Fragment 3: 2 Tim 4:18–20; Titus 1:7–9

Jones hesitates to provide dates any more specific than “sometime between the fourth and sixth centuries” (392).

I have yet to really read the article, but any time fragments of NT text are located, it is an important thing. Thanks to Brice C. Jones (see his blog) for his work in publishing these fragments.

Jack Barentsen’s Emerging Leadership in the Pauline Mission

Just judging from the title, one may not realize that Jack Barentsen’s Emerging Leadership in the Pauline Mission: A Social Identity Perspective on Local Leadership Development in Corinth and Ephesus (Pickwick, 2011) deals extensively with the Pastoral Epistles. In fact in the nine chapters one deals exclusively with 1 Timothy and another with 2 Timothy.

Bartensen is concerned to trace cultural leadership patterns through the Corinthian correspondence, Ephesians and 1-2 Timothy since in a fairly close proximity (between Corinth and Ephesus) you have this many letters written to churches over the span of Paul’s ministry. This reading, of course, depends on Pauline authorship of each of these letters and Bartensen provides a good brief defense of Pauline authorship of the 1-2 Timothy.

I cannot here summarize all of the implications of PE study, but Bartensen’s reading of the situation in 1 Timothy makes good sense of the letter as an example of mandata principis. Paul’s more formal address to Timothy is expected to be overheard by the church particularly the wealthy home owners who would presumably host the church.

This is a helpful contribution to the Pastoral Epistles literature, and I didn’t want anyone to miss it since the Pastorals aren’t mentioned in the title.

Publications on the PE in 2013 &2014

Keeping up with new publications on a certain topic can be quite a challenge. Howard Marshall once told me that when he began teaching it was possible to read everything that came out on the New Testament. He went on to comment on how hard it is now just to keep up with one specific area.

Chuck Bumgardner has helpfully passed along the following bibliography of items which deal specifically at some length with the Pastorals which have been published in 2013 or so far in 2014. I found it to be a thorough list, adding only a few items myself. If you know of others please mention it by emailing us at pastoralepistles at gmail dot com.

 

Broer, Ingo. “Täuschungsabsicht in den kanonischen Schriften? Ein Problembericht.” Pages 233-52 in Lukas—Paulus—Pastoralbriefe: Festschrift für Alfons Weiser zum 80. Geburtstag. Edited by Rudolfe Hoppe and Michael Reichardt. Stuttgarter Bibelstudien 230. Stuttgart: Katholisches Bibelwerk, 2014.

Collins, Raymond F. Accompanied by a Believing Wife: Ministry and Celibacy in the Earliest Christian Communities. Collegeville, MN: Liturgical, 2013.

Downs, David J. “The God Who Gives Life That Is Truly Life: Meritorious Almsgiving and the Divine Economy in 1 Timothy 6.” Pages 242-60 in The Unrelenting God: God’s Action in Scripture: Essays in Honor of Beverly Roberts Gaventa. Edited by David J. Downs and Matthew L. Skinner. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2013.

Dragutinović, Predrag. “Bischofsamt und Ehe in 1 Tim 3,2.” Biblische Notizen 158 (2013): 119-34.

Ehrman, Bart G. Forgery and Counterforgery: The Use of Literary Deceit in Early Christian Polemics. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013.

Goodrich, John K. “Overseers as Stewards and the Qualifications for Leadership in the Pastoral Epistles.” Zeitschrift fur die neutestamentliche Wissenschaft und die Kunde der alteren Kirche 14 (2013): 77–97.

Harding, Mark. “The Pastoral Epistles.” Pages 328–52 in All Things to All Cultures: Paul among Jews, Greeks, and Romans. Edited by Mark Harding and Alanna Nobbs. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2013.

Herzer, Jens. “Den guten Kampf gekämpft: Das Ende des Paulus im Spiegel des Zweiten timotheusbriefes und der frühchristlichen Überlieferung.” Pages 339-69 in Lukas—Paulus—Pastoralbriefe: Festschrift für Alfons Weiser zum 80. Geburtstag. Edited by Rudolfe Hoppe and Michael Reichardt. Stuttgarter Bibelstudien 230. Stuttgart: Katholisches Bibelwerk, 2014.

Jones, Brice C. “Three New Coptic Papyrus Fragments of 2 Timothy and Titus (P.Mich. inv. 3535b).” Journal of Biblical Literature 133 (2014): 389-97.

Krumbiegel, Friedemann. Erziehung in den Pastoralbriefen: Ein Konzept zur Konsolidierung der Gemeinden. Arbeiten zur Bibel und ihrer Geschichte 44. Leipzig: Evangelische Verlagsanstalt, 2013.

Lappenga, Benjamin J. “‘Zealots for Good Works’: The Polemical Repercussions of the Word ζηλωτήςin Titus 2:14.” Catholic Biblical Quarterly 75 (2013): 704-18.

Lips, Hermann von. “Paulus als ‘Erster’ in Sünde und Gnade: Überlegungen zu 1 Tim 1,15f.” Pages 303-14 in Lukas—Paulus—Pastoralbriefe: Festschrift für Alfons Weiser zum 80. Geburtstag. Edited by Rudolfe Hoppe and Michael Reichardt. Stuttgarter Bibelstudien 230. Stuttgart: Katholisches Bibelwerk, 2014.

Maier, Harry O. Picturing Paul in Empire: Imperial Image, Text and Persuasion in Colossians, Ephesians and the Pastoral Epistles. London: Bloomsbury T&T Clark, 2013.

Malina, Bruce J. and John J. Pilch. Social-Science Commentary on the Deutero-Pauline Letters. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2013

Martin, Brice. “1 Timothy 3:16—A New Perspective.” Evangelical Quarterly 85 (2013): 105–20.

Nullens, Patrick. “Theologia caritatis and the Moral Authority of Scripture: Approaching 2 Timothy 3:16-17 with a Hermeneutic of Love.” European Journal of Theology 22 (2013): 38-49.

Oberlinner, Lorenz. “Paulus als Garant der Kontinuität in der diskontinuität christlichen Glaubenslebens des 1. Jh.: Zum Anspruch des pseudepigraphischen Verfassers der Pastoralbriefe.” Pages 253-70 in Lukas—Paulus—Pastoralbriefe: Festschrift für Alfons Weiser zum 80. Geburtstag. Edited by Rudolfe Hoppe and Michael Reichardt. Stuttgarter Bibelstudien 230. Stuttgart: Katholisches Bibelwerk, 2014.

Pate, C. Marvin. “The Pastorals: Hellenistic Religion, the Imperial Cult, Philonic Mystical Exegesis, and Paul’s Inaugurated Eschatology.” Pages 257-292 in Apostle of the Last Days: The Life, Letters, and Theology of Paul. Grand Rapids: Kregel, 2013.

Pietersen, Lloyd K. “2 Timothy 3:10-17 and a Spirituality of Persecution.” Pages 233-52 in The Bible and Spirituality: Exploratory Essays in Reading Scripture Spiritually. Edited by Andrew T. Lincoln, J. Gordon McConville, and Lloyd K. Pietersen. Eugene, OR: Wipf & Stock, 2013.

Rosner, Brian S. Paul and the Law: Keeping the Commandments of God. New Studies in Biblical Theology 31. Downers Grove: InterVarsity, 2013.

Schreiner, Thomas R. “‘Problematic Texts’ for Definite Atonement in the Pastoral and General Epistles.” Pages 375–97 in From Heaven He Came and Sought Her: Definite Atonement in Historical, Biblical, Theological, and Pastoral Perspective. Edited by David Gibson and Jonathan Gibson. Wheaton, IL: Crossway, 2013.

Spencer, Aida Besançon. 1 Timothy. New Covenant Commentary Series. Eugene, OR: Cascade, 2013.

Spencer, Aida Besançon. 2 Timothy and Titus. New Covenant Commentary Series. Eugene, OR: Cascade, 2014.

Spurgeon, Andrew B. “1 Timothy 2:13-15: Paul’s Retelling of Genesis 2:4-4:1.” Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 56:3 (September 2013): 543-556.

Stewart, Alistair. The Original Bishops: Office and Order in the First Christian Communities. Grand Rapids: Baker, 2014.

Stiekes, Gregory J. “Liturgy in the Pastoral Epistles.” Artistic Theologian 2 (2013): 37–50.

Theobald, Michael. “Eucharistische Anspielungen in der Weisung an die Reichen 1 Tim 6,17-19: Anfrage an ihre ‘individualethische’ Deutung.” Pages 315-38 in Lukas—Paulus—Pastoralbriefe: Festschrift für Alfons Weiser zum 80. Geburtstag. Edited by Rudolfe Hoppe and Michael Reichardt. Stuttgarter Bibelstudien 230. Stuttgart: Katholisches Bibelwerk, 2014.

________. “Israel- und Jerusalem-Vergessenheit im Corpus Pastorale? Zur Rezeption des Römerbriefs im Titus- sowie im 1. und 2. Timotheusbrief.” Pages 317-412 in Ancient Perspectives on Paul. Edited by Tobias Nicklas, Andreas Merkt, and Joseph Verheyden. Novum Testamentum et Orbis Antiquus 102. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2013.

________. “Von den Presbytern zum Episkopos (Tit 1,5–9): Vom umgang mit Spannungen und Widersprüchen im Corpus Pastorale.” Zeitschrift für die Neutestamentliche Wissenschaft 104 (2013): 208–237.

Twelftree, Graham. “The Remembered Paul.” Pages 272-303 in Paul and the Miraculous: A Historical Reconstruction. Grand Rapids, 2013.

Weidemann, Hans-Ulrich. “‘Jedoch, ich fand Erbarmen . . .’ (1Tim 1,13). Bekehrung und Indienstnahme des Paulus in den Pastoralbriefen.” Pages 59-95 in Ancient Perspectives on Paul. Edited by Tobias Nicklas, Andreas Merkt, and Joseph Verheyden. Novum Testamentum et Orbis Antiquus 102. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2013.

________. “Selbstbeherrschte Hausherren: Beobachtungen zur rhetorischen Funktion des Maskulinitätsideals in den Pastoralbriefen.” Pages 271-301 in Lukas—Paulus—Pastoralbriefe: Festschrift für Alfons Weiser zum 80. Geburtstag. Edited by Rudolfe Hoppe and Michael Reichardt. Stuttgarter Bibelstudien 230. Stuttgart: Katholisches Bibelwerk, 2014.

Wilder, Terry L. “Does the Bible Contain Forgeries?” Pages 166–181 in In Defense of the Bible: A Comprehensive Apologetic for the Authority of Scripture. Edited by Steven B. Cowan and Terry L. Wilder. Nashville: B&H, 2013.

Zamfir, Korinna. Men and Women in the Household of God: A Contextual Approach to Roles and Ministries in the Pastoral Epistles. Novum Testamentum et Orbis Antiquus / Studien zur Umwelt des Neuen Testaments 103. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2013.