Reviews

Linda Maloney has served English-speaking students of the Pastorals by providing in CBQ a summary and review of Michael Theobald, Israel-Vergessenheit in den Pastoralbriefen: Ein neuer Vorschlag zu ihrer historisch-theologischen Verortung im 2. Jahrhundert. n. Chr. unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Ignatius-Briefe (Stuttgarter Bibelstudien 229. Stuttgart: Katholisches Bibelwerk, 2016). For Maloney, “this book is a mine of precious information and analysis.” You can find the first page of the review here.

Within the last year, Mark Harding has posted a positive review at RBL of T. Christopher Hoklotubbe, Civilized Piety: The Rhetoric of Pietas in the Pastoral Epistles and the Roman Empire (Waco, TX: Baylor University Press, 2017). (full review available to SBL members only)

On RBL’s site, I note there are four volumes of interest up for review by SBL members:
(1) The just-published dissertation by Nathan Nzyoka Joshua, Benefaction and Patronage in Leadership: A Socio-Historical Exegesis of the Pastoral Epistles (Carlisle, Cumbria, UK: Langham, 2018).
(2) Jermo van Nes’s recent dissertation, Pauline Language and the Pastoral Epistles: A Study of Linguistic Variation in the Corpus Paulinum (Linguistic Biblical Studies 16; Leiden: Brill, 2018).
(3) Larry J. Perkins, The Pastoral Letters: A Handbook on the Greek Text (Baylor Handbook on the Greek New Testament; Waco, TX: Baylor University Press, 2017).
(4) Robert W. Yarbrough, The Letters to Timothy and Titus. Pillar New Testament Commentary (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2018).

Recent Resources on 1 Timothy 2:9-15

This most contentious of passages in the Pastorals has generated a secondary literature all out of proportion to its length. A recent comprehensive bibliography of modern works on the passage through 2014 may be found in Andreas J. Köstenberger and Thomas R. Schreiner, eds., Women in the Church: An Interpretation and Application of 1 Timothy 2:9–15 (3rd ed.; Wheaton, IL: Crossway, 2016). The following works — all produced in the last five years! — may now be added (note that commentaries are not listed, as every commentary will self-evidently discuss this passage):

Marianne Bjelland Kartzow, “Reproductive Salvation and Slavery: Reading 1 Timothy 2:15 with Hagar and Mary,” Neot 50.1 (2016): 71–87.

Marjorie J. Cooper, “The Prohibition in 1 Timothy 2:12 in Light of Eve’s Having Been Deceived (1 Tim. 2:14‒15),” Presb 44.1 (2018): 115‒25.

Marjorie J. Cooper and Jay G. Caballero, “Reasoning through Creation Order as a Basis for the Prohibition in 1 Timothy 2:12,” Presb 43.1 (2017): 30‒38.

José Aristides Da Silva Gamito, “Violência e gênero no texto bíblico: O silenciamento das mulheres na Primeira Epístola a Timóteo 2, 9‒15,” Unitas—Revista Eletrônica de Teologia e Ciências das Religiões 6.1 (2018): 1–12.

John P. Dickson, “‘Teaching’ as Traditioning in 1 Timothy 2:12: An Historical Observation,” in The Gender Conversation: Evangelical Perspectives on Gender, Scripture, and the Christian Life, ed. Edwina Murphy and David Starling (Eugene, OR: Wipf & Stock, 2016), 109‒19.

Frances Taylor Gench, Encountering God in Tyrannical Texts: Reflections on Paul, Women, and the Authority of Scripture (Louisville: Westminster John Knox, 2015), 1–18.

Kevin Giles, What the Bible Actually Teaches on Women. Eugene, OR: Cascade, 2018. [note esp. pp. 118-29; 130-34; 144-51]

Timothy W. Fisher, “Reimagining Paul’s Infamous Words toward Women: 1 Timothy 2:8–15 as Performance Literature,” PhD diss., Trinity Theological Seminary (Evansville, IN), 2018.

Timothy D. Foster, “1 Timothy 2:13–15 as Analogy,” JSPL 7.1–2 (2017): 53–67.

Godfrey Harold, “Socio-Rhetorical Interpretation: A Multi-dimensional Hermeneutical Approach to 1 Timothy 2:1–15,” South African Baptist Journal of Theology 25 (2016): 50–63.

Gary G. Hoag, Wealth in Ancient Ephesus and the First Letter to Timothy: Fresh Insights from Ephesiaca by Xenophon of Ephesus, BBRSup 11 (Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2015), 61–99.

Jamin Hübner, “Revisiting the Clarity of Scripture in 1 Timothy 2:12,” JETS 59 (2016): 99‒117.

Christopher R. Hutson, “‘Saved through Childbearing”: The Jewish Context of 1 Timothy 2:15,” NovT 56 (2014): 392‒410.

Maretha M. Jacobs, “On Fairness and Accuracy in the Academy: A Brief Response to Wim Vergeer’s Use of Terminologies, and Some Simplifications, in the Article ‘The Redeemer in an “Irredeemable Text” (1 Timothy 2:9‒15),’” Neot 51.2 (2017): 359–65.

Hefin Jones, “Women, Teaching, and Authority: A Case for Understanding the Nature of Congregational Oversight as Underlying 1 Timothy 2:11‒12,” in The Gender Conversation: Evangelical Perspectives on Gender, Scripture, and the Christian Life, ed. Edwina Murphy and David Starling (Eugene, OR: Wipf & Stock, 2016), 143–54.

Lyn Kidson, “‘Teaching’ and Other Persuasions: The Interpretation of didaskein ‘To Teach’ in 1 Timothy 2:12,” in The Gender Conversation: Evangelical Perspectives on Gender, Scripture, and the Christian Life, ed. Edwina Murphy and David Starling (Eugene, OR: Wipf & Stock, 2016), 125–37.

Heinz Külling, Mann und Frau, Eltern und Kindern als Bewohner ihres Hauses in den Pastoralbriefen (Zurich: Theologischer Verlag Zurich, 2017), 19–62.

Benjamin Marx, “‘Wifely Submission’ and ‘Husbandly Authority’ in Plutarch’s Moralia and the Corpus Paulinum: A Comparison,” JGRChJ 14 (2018): 56–88.

Jeff Miller, “Saved through Childbearing? 1 Timothy 2:15 as a Hermeneutical Caveat,” Stone Campbell Journal 20.2 (2017): 215‒25.

Elna Mouton, “Mothering Salvation? Gender and Class in Early Christian Household Discourse,” Neot 50.1 (2016): 1–8.

Emiola Nihinlola, “Saved through Childbearing: An African Feminist Interpretation and Theology,” ERT 40.4 (2016): 314–26.

Jeremy Punt, “Gender Studies and Biblical Interpretation: (How) Does Theory Matter?,” The African Journal of Gender and Religion 24.2 (2018): 68–94.

Dillon T. Thornton, Hostility in the House of God: An Investigation of the Opponents in 1 and 2 Timothy, BBRSup 15 (Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2016), 99–130.

Rob van Houwelingen, “Meaning and Significance of the Instruction about Women in 1 Timothy 2:12‒15,” Sárospataki Füzetek 19.4 (2015): 59‒71.

Wim C. Vergeer, “The Redeemer in an ‘Irredeemable Text’ (1 Timothy 2:9–15),” Neot 50.1 (2016): 71–87.

Annette Weissenrieder. “Of Childbirth and Salvation: 1 Timothy 2:15 in Light of Ancient Medicine and the Artemis Cult in Ephesus.” Pages 347–80 in Gender and Social Norms in Ancient Israel, Early Judaism and Early Christianity: Texts and Material Culture. Edited by Michaela Bauks, Katharina Galor, and Judith Hartenstein. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2019.

Annette Weissenrieder, “What Does σωθήσεθαι [sic] δὲ διὰ τῆς τεκνογονίας ‘To Be Saved by Childbearing’ Mean (1 Timothy 2:15)? Insights from Ancient Medical and Philosophical Texts,” EC 5 (2014): 313‒36.

Johannes M. Wessels, “Changing the Feminine Face of Poverty: Reading 1 Timothy 2:15 from a Socio-Economic Perspective,” Neot 50.1 (2016): 105–22.

Cynthia L. Westfall, Paul and Gender: Reclaiming the Apostle’s Vision for Men and Women in Christ (Grand Rapids: Baker, 2016), 279–312.

Thomas M. Winger, “‘Saved through Child-bearing’? Theology and Hermeneutics in Reading 1 Timothy 2:15,” in The Press of the Text: Biblical Studies in Honor of James W. Voelz, ed. Andrew H. Bartelt, Jeffrey J. Kloha, and Paul R. Raabe (Eugene, OR: Pickwick, 2017), 283–300.

Korinna Zamfir, “Women Teaching—Spiritually Washing the Feet of the Saints? The Early Christian Reception of 1 Timothy 2:11‒12,” ASE 32 (2015): 352‒79.

Benno Zuiddam, “Southern African Perspectives on the Role of Womanhood in 1 Timothy 2:11‒15,” Journal for Christian Scholarship 52:1–2 (2016): 279–96.

Additions to “Forthcoming Publications on the Pastorals”

We have additions to make to our previous post on forthcoming publications on the Pastoral Epistles. We’ve edited that post accordingly, but want to highlight the additions here.

Houwelingen, P. H. R. (Rob) van. “Power, Powerlessness, and Authorised Power in 1 Timothy 2:8–15.” Forthcoming in Power in the New Testament. Edited by A. B. Merz and P. G. R. de Villiers. Leuven: Peeters, 2019 or 2020 projected. This essay is presently available here, along with a summary of its contents.

Lappenga, Benjamin, and David Downs. These authors have a chapter-length treatment of 2 Timothy in a forthcoming [September] 2019 volume on pistis in connection with the exalted Christ in Paul’s writings. From Lappenga: “The opening chapter on 2 Timothy introduces the volume by showing the overwhelming consensus among interpreters who hold to a subjective element of the phrase pistis Christou that Jesus’s pistis is demonstrated principally, if not exclusively, in his suffering and death on the cross. We establish the first challenge to this consensus through a close reading of 2 Tim 2:8-13. Here we demonstrate that to speak of the faithfulness of Christ in 2 Timothy is primarily to speak of the fidelity of the risen Lord, who will ensure the eschatological salvation of those who are ‘in Christ.'”

Maier, Harry. “The Entrepreneurial Widows of 1 Timothy.” In Women, Christianity, and Judaism. Edited by Ilaria Ramelli and Joan Taylor. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2020 projected. An early draft of the essay may be found here, along with a summary description. From the author: “This essay revisits the instructions in 1 Timothy concerning the exhortations for widows (a term in Greek that designates both previously married and unmarried women) younger than 65 to (re)marry. It locates the instruction in the Roman economy in which women were artisans who controlled their assets and it argues that the Pastor’s concern is that women not function as patrons of meetings. Consideration of laws of inheritance and control of property in marriage helps in understanding the instruction single and widowed women to (re)marry. The pastor wants to assure that the control of property be ceded to husbands, in this case to Christian men whom the Pastor entrusts with sole authority to lead Christ assemblies. The essay thus seeks to understand the rule concerning (re)marriage through consideration of the creation of social agency the economy of the Roman Empire offered businesswomen.”

“Ethics in Titus”: Upcoming Conference in Mainz, September 12-14, 2019

This important gathering of students of the Epistle to Titus will be well worth attending. The lineup of presenters includes many well-known Pastorals scholars. The brochure reproduced below may be accessed online.

2018 Publications on the Pastorals

Below is our annual list of publications on 1 & 2 Timothy and Titus from the previous calendar year. It was a robust year for new publications on the letters in 2018, with over fifty items in this list, and doubtless some we missed! If you are aware of any others, could you please leave a comment?

(Thanks to John Percival for contributing to this list.)

_____________________

Adams, Edward. “The Shape of the Pauline Churches.” Pages 119–46 in The Oxford Handbook of Ecclesiology. Edited by Paul Avis. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018.

Beck, David R. “The Linguistic Features of Second Timothy and Its Purpose.” Pages 159‒75 in New Testament Philology: Essays in Honor of David Alan Black. Edited by Melton Bennett Winstead. Eugene, OR: Wipf & Stock, 2018. W&S volume description.

Bieringer, Reimund, ed. 2 Timothy and Titus Reconsidered: Der 2. Timotheus- und der Titusbrief in neuem Licht. Colloquium Oecumenicum Paulinum 20. Leuven: Peeters, 2018. Peeters volume description // TOC.

Bieringer, Reimund. “Der 2. Timotheus- und der Titusbrief in der Diskussion.” Pages 5–16 in 2 Timothy and Titus Reconsidered: Der 2. Timotheus- und der Titusbrief in neuem Licht. Edited by Reimund Bieringer. Colloquium Oecumenicum Paulinum 20. Leuven: Peeters, 2018.

Blomberg, Craig L. A New Testament Theology. Waco, TX: Baylor University Press, 2018. [note chap. 8, “The Pastoral Epistles,” pp. 455–95]

Cooper, Marjorie J. “The Prohibition in 1 Timothy 2:12 in Light of Eve’s Having Been Deceived (1 Tim. 2:14‒15).” Presbyterion 44.1 (2018): 115‒25.

Cosgrove, Charles H. “The Syntax of Early Christian Hymns and Prayers: Revisiting Relative and Participial Styles for Making Assertions about a Deity.” Early Christianity 9.2 (2018): 158‒80. German abstract online // Translate. [addresses 1 Tim 3:16]

Da Silva Gamito, José Aristides. “Violência e gênero no texto bíblico: O silenciamento das mulheres na Primeira Epístola a Timóteo 2, 9-15.” Unitas—Revista Eletrônica de Teologia e Ciências das Religiões 6.1 (2018): 1–12. Online. [English-language abstract included]

Dulk, Matthijs Den. “No More Itch (2 Tim 4.3).” New Testament Studies 64.1 (2018): 81–93. Abstract online.

Edsall, Benjamin A. “Hermogenes the Smith and Narrative Characterisation in The Acts of Paul: A Note on the Reception of 2 Timothy.” New Testament Studies 64.1 (2018): 108–21. Abstract online.

Ehrensperger, Kathy. “Διδάσκαλος ἐθνῶν—Pauline Trajectories According to 1 Timothy.” Pages 88–104 in The Early Reception of Paul the Second Temple Jew: Text, Narrative and Reception History. Edited by Isaac W. Oliver and Gabriele Boccaccini with Joshua Scott. Library of Second Temple Studies 92. London: Bloomsbury T&T Clark, 2019. [e-book version released in 2018] Online publisher description. From the volume forward: “Ehrensperger examines the depiction of Paul in 1 Timothy as the
διδάσκαλος ἐθνῶν, which, she contends, stands in clear succession of Paul’s self-presentation in the undisputed letters as the ἀπόστολος ἐθνῶν. By remembering Paul as the διδάσκαλος ἐθνῶν, 1 Timothy can develop a number of issues that Paul addressed to the ἔθνη in Christ. Similarly to the undisputed Pauline letters, the guidance provided in 1 Timothy is clearly envisioned as rooted in Jewish traditions in as much as these are applied to ἔθνη. The advice provided, in other words, is specific rather than universally addressed to all who are in Christ. With this framework in mind, Ehrensperger discusses those passages in 1 Timothy that deal with widows. She argues that the concern for widows in 1 Timothy is seen as part of the obligation to ‘remember the poor’ in analogy to contemporary Jewish practice based on traditional notions of social justice (צדקה), which are applied to the ἐκκλησίαι ἐθνῶν.”

Elengabecka, Elvis. “La rhétorique de la temporalité dans les épîtres pastorales.” Pages 377–95 in Perceptions du temps dans la Bible. Edited by M. Staszak and M. Leroy. Etudes Bibliques 77. Leuven: Peeters, 2018. (Abstract: “The present study wishes to highlight the concept of time that one finds in the language and argumentation of the Pastoral Epistles. We will do this by studying a number of texts, especially Titus 2:11-14; 3:3-7, as well as certain expressions such as ‘καιρός’, ‘πνεῦμα’. In any case, whether situated in their contexts or internal coherence, the literary entities that we are going to study, present time as a reality which unifies the different aspects of human existence, which are normally distinct from each other.”)

Fisher, Timothy W. “Reimagining Paul’s Infamous Words toward Women: 1 Timothy 2:8–15 as Performance Literature.” Ph.D. diss., Trinity Theological Seminary (Evansville, IN), 2018. Online.

Flichy, Odile. “Une lecture de Tite 1,1–2,15.” Pages 111–31 in 2 Timothy and Titus Reconsidered: Der 2. Timotheus- und der Titusbrief in neuem Licht . Edited by Reimund Bieringer. Colloquium Oecumenicum Paulinum 20. Leuven: Peeters, 2018.

Glancy, Jennifer A. “‘To Serve Them All the More’: Christian Slaveholders and Christian Slaves in Antiquity.” Pages 23–49 in Slaving Zones: Cultural Identities, Ideologies, and Institutions in the Evolution of Global Slavery. Edited by Jeff Fynn-Paul and Damian Alan Pargas. Studies in Global Slavery 4. Leiden: Brill, 2018. Brill description. [briefly interacts with 1 Tim 6:1-2]

Gordley, Matthew E. New Testament Christological Hymns: Exploring Texts, Contexts, and Significance. Downers Grove, IL: IVP Academic, 2018. IVP description. [1 Tim 3:16 covered on pp. 183-190]

Gourgues, Michel. “2 Timothée 2,1–26, ou le lieu de fracture.” Pages 39–62 in 2 Timothy and Titus Reconsidered: Der 2. Timotheus- und der Titusbrief in neuem Licht. Edited by Reimund Bieringer. Colloquium Oecumenicum Paulinum 20. Leuven: Peeters, 2018.  

Gourgues, Michel. “Le mystère du Christ Jésus dans les deux lettres à Timothée et la lettre à Tite : Tantôt en amont, tantôt en aval, tantôt en coïncidence.” Pages 257–90 in Paul et son Seigneur: Trajectoires christologiques des épîtres paulinienne: XXVIe congrès de l’Association catholique française pour l’étude de la Bible (Angiers, 2016). Edited by Christophe Raimbault. Paris: Cerf, 2018. Cerf volume description.

Gourgues, Michel. “Temps court et temps long, temps urgent et temps courant: une tension interne dans la seconde lettre à Timothée.” Pages 396–418 in Perceptions du temps dans la Bible. Edited by M. Staszak and M. Leroy. Etudes Bibliques 77. Leuven: Peeters, 2018. (Abstract: “Both those who claim and those who deny that 2 Tim is authentic can find, in the letter itself, reasons to justify their position. However, one may wonder if these take sufficiently into account some differences and tensions within this letter. The reading of 2 Tim proposed here reveals two sections, distinct and separable from various points of view, notably the use of two different ways of representing time. Thus detecting two different sections within the letter results in a new way of addressing the question of the authenticity of 2 Tim.”)

Gourgues, Michel. “Second Timothy.” Pages 1465–71 in The Paulist Bible Commentary. Edited by José Enrique Aguilar Chiu et al. Mahwah, NJ: Paulist, 2018.

Graham, Brett Martin. “Echoes of Scripture and the Jewish Pseudepigrapha in the Pastoral Epistles: Including a Method of Identifying High-interest Parallels.” PhD thesis, University of Sydney, 2018. Online.

Hagner, Donald A. How New Is the New Testament? First-Century Judaism and the Emergence of Christianity. Grand Rapids: Baker, 2018. Baker description. [distinct PE treatment on 132–35]

Henson, Joshua D. “The Role of Biblical Values in the Development of the Mission and Vision of Ethical Organizations: An Examination of the Epistle to Titus.” Journal of Biblical Perspectives in Leadership 8.1 (2018): 186–201. Online.

Herzer, Jens. “Paulustradition Und Paulusrezeption In Den Pastoralbriefen.” In Receptions of Paul in Early Christianity: The Person of Paul and His Writings Through the Eyes of His Early Interpreters. Edited by Jens Schröter, Simon Butticaz, and Andreas Dettwiler. Beihefte zur Zeitschrift für die neutestamentliche Wissenschaft 234. Berlin: de Gruyter, 2018. De Gruyter volume description. Abstract: “The place of the Pastoral Epistles within the collection of Pauline letters depends decisively on two aspects: the assessment of their relation to Paul himself as well as to the other letters, and the evaluation of their literary character. Depending on these variables, the concepts of tradition, transmission, transformation, and reception are no longer sharply defined but instead represent aspects of a complex discourse. Within this discourse, each of the Pastorals has its own character: 1 Timothy reveals a relation to Paul and the Pauline tradition that is different to those in Titus and 2 Timothy. Therefore, each of these three letters shows a specific profile with regard to both the reception of Paul (or Pauline ideas) and the definition of Pauline tradition.”

Herzer, Jens. “Titus 3,1–15: Gottes Menschenfreundlichkeit und die ethische Relevanz christlicher Hoffnung.” Pages 133–79 in 2 Timothy and Titus Reconsidered: Der 2. Timotheus- und der Titusbrief in neuem Licht. Edited by Reimund Bieringer. Colloquium Oecumenicum Paulinum 20. Leuven: Peeters, 2018.

Jere, Qeko, and Vhumani Magezi. “Pastoral Letters and the Church in the Public Square: An Assessment of the Role of Pastoral Letters in Influencing Democratic Processes in Malawi.” Verbum et Ecclesia 39.1 (2018): 1‒9. Online.

Joshua, Nathan Nzyoka. Benefaction and Patronage in Leadership: A Socio-Historical Exegesis of the Pastoral Epistles. Carlisle, Cumbria, UK: Langham, 2018. Publisher’s description.

Kaiser, Ursula Ulrike. Die Rede von “Wiedergeburt” im Neuen Testament: Ein metapherntheoretisch orientierter Neuansatz nach 100 Jahren Forschungsgeschichte. Wissenschaftliche Untersuchungen zum Neuen Testament 413. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2018. [Significant discussions of Titus 3:5] Publisher volume description.

Kamphuis, Bart L. F. New Testament Conjectural Emendation in the Nineteenth Century: Jan Handrik Holwerda as a Pioneer of Method. NTTSD 56. Leiden: Brill, 2018. Brill volume description. [Kamphuis discusses Holwerda’s proposed emendations of 1 Tim 2:15 and 5:13.]

Karakolis, Christos. “Drawing Authority and Exerting Power in the Second Letter to Timothy: Some Initial Remarks and the Example of 2 Timothy 3,1–17.” Pages 63–86 in 2 Timothy and Titus Reconsidered: Der 2. Timotheus- und der Titusbrief in neuem Licht. Edited by Reimund Bieringer. Colloquium Oecumenicum Paulinum 20. Leuven: Peeters, 2018.

Karaman, Elif Hilal. Ephesian Women in Greco-Roman and Early Christian Perspective. Wissenschaftliche Untersuchungen zum Neuen Testament 2/474. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2018. Publisher volume description.

Köstenberger, Andreas J. “The Practice of Biblical Theology: How Is Biblical Theology Done?” Midwestern Journal of Theology 17.1 (2018): 14–27. Online.
[uses as a case study the theology of the Pastorals, pp. 15–21]

LaFosse, Mona Tokarek. “Those Who Hear: The Power of Learners in 1 Timothy.” Pages 147–70 in Religions and Education in Antiquity: Studies in Honour of Michel Desjardins. Edited by Alex Damm. Numen: Studies in the History of Religions 160. Leiden: Brill, 2018. Brill volume description.

Langford, Andrew Mark. “Diagnosing Deviance: Pathology and Polemic in the Pastoral Epistles.” PhD diss., University of Chicago, 2018.

Lévy, Luc Bulundwe. “Ethics and Pseudepigraphy—Do the Ends Always Justify the Means?” Athens Journal of Humanities and the Arts x.y (2018). Online. [focus on 2 Timothy]

MacDonald, Margaret Y. “Always Be Steady and Endure Suffering (2 Timothy 4,1‒22): Advising the Teacher in the Roman Imperial World.” Pages 87–109 in 2 Timothy and Titus Reconsidered: Der 2. Timotheus- und der Titusbrief in neuem Licht. Edited by Reimund Bieringer. Colloquium Oecumenicum Paulinum 20. Leuven: Peeters, 2018.

Maier, Harry O. “Marcion the Circumcizer.” Pages 97–108 in Marcion of Sinope as Religious Entrepreneur. Edited by Markus Vinzent. Studia Patristica 99. Leuven: Peeters, 2018. Online volume description. Abstract: “A chief element against the view that the pseudonymous Pastorals (1 and 2 Timothy and Titus) polemicize against Marcion is the association of opponents with Judaism. The essay addresses this apparent contradiction through an analysis of Tit. 1:10, where the author represents the opposition as ‘of the circumcision.’ The article argues that the reference is a rhetorical charge against Marcion as guilty of promoting community discord. Paul’s report of Gal. 1:18-2:14 was important to Marcion as an account of the apostle’s dedication to his revealed Gospel against opponents in/from Jerusalem. Acts, perhaps motivated by an anti-Marcionite polemic, represents an alternative account, not of Paul opposed by Jerusalem Christ followers, but endorsed by them. The essay observes how Irenaeus and Tertullian in opposition to Marcion seek to harmonize the report from Acts and the confrontation of Paul with Peter in Gal. 2:10-14, to show how Paul never separated from the other disciples, but was instructed by them. The Pastorals polemicize against Marcion in a different way by turning the tables on him and associating him with ‘false brethren’ (Gal. 2:4) and the ‘circumcision party’ (Gal. 2:12; Acts 11:2; 15:2) opposed to Paul’s Gospel. As such they pillory their opponent as a factionalist and thus use the unique accounts reported in Galatians, so important to Marcion, against him.”

Marx, Benjamin. “‘Wifely Submission’ and ‘Husbandly Authority’ in Plutarch’s Moralia and the Corpus Paulinum: A Comparison.” Journal of Greco-Roman Christianity and Judaism 14 (2018): 56–88. Online. [CP texts examined include 1 Tim 2:8–15; Tit 2:4-5]

McKnight, W. Shawn. Understanding the Diaconate: Historical, Theological, and Sociological Foundations. Washington, D.C.: The Catholic University of America Press, 2018. Online volume description. [discussion of 1 Tim 3:8–13 on pp. 24–26]

Müller, Karl. Paulus’ Gefangenshaften das Ende der Apostelgeschichte und die Pastoralbriefe. Bibelstudien 19. Munster: LIT, 2018. LIT description. TOC online.

Neudorfer, Heinz-Werner. Der erste Brief des Paulus an Timotheus. 3rd edition. Historisch-Theologische Auslegung. Wuppertal: R. Brockhaus, 2018. Publisher description.

O’Donovan, Oliver. “Neither Sober nor of Sound Mind: Timothy’s Spirit of sōphronismos.” Pages 346–62 in One God, One People, One Future: Essays in Honor of N. T. Wright. Edited by John Anthony Dunne and Eric Lewellen. Minneapolis: Fortress, 2018. (From the volume’s forward, pp. 10-11: “Oliver O’Donovan … focuses directly on the pastoral injunction in 2 Timothy 1.7. … English translations oscillate between ‘soberness’ and ‘sound mind’ as the interpretation for sōphronismos. After an analysis of 140 uses of sōphronismos in pagan and Christian texts from the end of the first century BCE to the end of the fifth century CE, O’Donovan makes two observations on the term’s semantic spectrum: (1) in most occurrences the term refers to an event that makes a moral difference to one who experiences or perceives it; (2) most uses from the first two centuries speak of moral direction, warning and restraint. This evidence suggests a different interpretation of 2 Timothy 1.7: the spirit given to the Church is one ‘of power, love, and moral instruction.’”)

Olson, Jon C. “Intertextuality, Paul within Judaism, and the Biblical Witness against Same-Sex Practice.” Evangelical Quarterly 89.3 (2018): 222–239. [engages 1 Tim 1:10] (Abstract: “In attempting to overturn the biblical witness against same-sex practice, several scholars and ecclesial bodies neglect intertextuality. Attention to where one Scripture interprets another helps to establish meaning and authorial intent. The Genesis creation story is used in Leviticus, the Gospels, and Romans, and Leviticus used in Acts, Romans, 1 Corinthians, and 1 Timothy. Paul was Jewish in his teaching against same-sex practice and in appealing to the Septuagint. The biblical witness against same-sex practice is rooted in creation, and the practice of reading the biblical witness against such behavior in a canonic synthesis reflects the intentions of the writers. The context of the passages, and the dynamic interplay between them, bring themes of God’s creative intentions, guidance, wrath, and redeeming righteousness together.”)

Penna, Romano. “Philanthropy of God and Human Works in Titus 3,4-7 and in 2 Timothy 1,9-10.” Pages 181–92 in 2 Timothy and Titus Reconsidered: Der 2. Timotheus- und der Titusbrief in neuem Licht. Edited by Reimund Bieringer. Colloquium Oecumenicum Paulinum 20. Leuven: Peeters, 2018.  

Powell, Mark Allan, “The Pastoral Letters: 1 Timothy, 2 Timothy, Titus.” Pages 413‒29 in Introducing the New Testament: A Historical, Literary, and Theological Survey. 2nd ed. Grand Rapids: Baker, 2018. Baker volume description.

Punt, Jeremy. “Gender Studies and Biblical Interpretation: (How) Does Theory Matter?” The African Journal of Gender and Religion 24.2 (2018): 68–94. Online. [1 Tim 2:8–15]

Rambiert-Kwasniewska, Anna. “Mąż jednej żony? [Husband of one wife?] (1 Tm 3,2).” Nowe Życie 35 (2018): 6/518, 12-13.

Rolle, Sarah. “Titus 2:1–10: Trait Theory of Followership.” Journal of Biblical Perspectives in Leadership 8.1 (2018): 168–85. Online.

Schreiner, Thomas R. “Paul and Gender: A Review Article.” Themelios 43.2 (2018): 178‒92. Online.

Schweitzer, Don. “The Role of Human Response in the Resurrection of Jesus Christ.” Toronto Journal of Theology 34.1 (2018): 63–77. Abstract and related video online. [Engages 1 Tim 3:16]

Shaner, Katherine Ann. Enslaved Leadership in Early Christianity. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018. OUP volume description. [note chap. 5, “Power in the Ekklēsia: Contesting Enslaved Leadership in 1 Timothy and Ignatius”]

Skinner, Matthew L. “The Pastoral Letters (1 Timothy, 2 Timothy, and Titus).” Chapter 13 in A Companion to the New Testament: Paul and the Pauline Letters. Waco, TX: Baylor University Press, 2018. BUP volume description.

Smith, Mitzi J., and Yung Suk Kim. “1–2 Timothy and Titus.” Pages 285–92 in Toward Decentering the New Testament: A Reintroduction. Eugene, OR: Cascade, 2018. W&S volume description.

Söding, Thomas. “1 Timothy.“ In The Paulist Bible Commentary. Edited by José Enrique Aguilar Chiu et al. Mahwah, NJ: Paulist, 2018.

Stuhlmacher, Peter. Biblical Theology of the New Testament. Translated by Daniel P. Bailey. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2018. Eerdmans description. [considerable passim treatment of the PE in “The Proclamation in the Period after Paul,” pp. 431-87]

Theobald, Michael. “Titus.“ In The Paulist Bible Commentary. Edited by José Enrique Aguilar Chiu et al. Mahwah, NJ: Paulist, 2018.

Thurén, Lauri. “Divine Headhunting? The Function of the Qualifications of Deacons in 1 Tim 3:8–13.” Pages 117–30 in Deacons and Diakonia in Early Christianity. Edited by Bart J. Koet, Edwina Murphy, and Esko Ryökäs. Wissenschaftliche Untersuchungen zum Neuen Testament 2/479. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2018. Publisher volume description.

Van Nes, Jermo. “Hapax legomena in Disputed Pauline Letters: A Reassessment.” Zeitschrift für die neutestamentliche Wissenschaft 109.1 (2018): 118–37. Abstract online.

Van Nes, Jermo. “Missing ‘Particles’ in Disputed Pauline Letters? A Question of Method.” Journal for the Study of the New Testament 40.3 (2018): 383–98. Abstract online.

Van Nes, Jermo. Pauline Language and the Pastoral Epistles: A Study of Linguistic Variation in the Corpus Paulinum. Linguistic Biblical Studies 16. Leiden: Brill, 2018. Brill description.

Veiss, Suzana Dobric. “Follower Development: Paul’s Charge to Timothy.” Journal of Biblical Perspectives in Leadership 8.1 (2018): 150–67. Online.

Walter, Katherine Clark. The Profession of Widowhood: Widows, Pastoral Care, and Medieval Models of Holiness. Washington, D.C.: The Catholic University of America Press, 2018. Online volume description. [note the treatment of 1 Tim 5 in chap. 1, “Creating the Widow in the Early Church,” pp. 24–76]

Wilson, Beth L. “Authentic Leadership: Paul’s Instructions to Titus.” Journal of Biblical Perspectives in Leadership 8.1 (2018): 202–12. Online.

Wolter, Michael. “Der Apostel und sein Schüler: 2 Timotheus 1,1–18.” Pages 17–37 in 2 Timothy and Titus Reconsidered: Der 2. Timotheus- und der Titusbrief in neuem Licht. Edited by Reimund Bieringer. Colloquium Oecumenicum Paulinum 20. Leuven: Peeters, 2018.

Wright, Tom. Paul: A Biography. London: SPCK, 2018. [PE discussed on pp. 394–97]

Yarbrough, Robert W. The Letters to Timothy and Titus. Pillar New Testament Commentary. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2018. Eerdmans description. (previous posts on this volume)

The Pastorals in NTA 62.3 (2018)

The Letters to Timothy and Titus are usually fairly well represented in New Testament Abstracts, but the present volume has fairly slim pickings.

We find in the “Epistles-Revelation” section only a single entry for the LTT, an article which engages 1 Tim 3:16:

Cosgrove, Charles H. “The Syntax of Early Christian Hymns and Prayers: Revisiting Relative and Participial Styles for Making Assertions about a Deity.” Early Christianity 9.2 (2018): 158‒80.

Elsewhere in the issue, we find several items which connect with the letters:

Che R. Seabourne, “New Directions in Redaction Criticism and Women: A Discussion Based on Fiorenza’s In Memory of Her and Other Sources,” Theology 119.5 (2016): 335-41. (Seabourne engages “the contrast between 1 Corinthians and 1 Timothy”)

Jon C. Olson, “Intertextuality, Paul within Judaism, and the Biblical Witness against Same-Sex Practice,” Evangelical Quarterly 89.3 (2018): 222-39. (engages 1 Tim 1:10)

Preston C. Massey, “Dress Codes at Roman Corinth and Two Hellenic Sites: What Do the Inscriptions at Andania and Lycosura Tell Us about 1 Corinthians 11.2–16?” Journal of Greco-Roman Christianity and Judaism 11 (2015): 51-81. http://www.jgrchj.net/volume11/JGRChJ11-4_Massey.pdf. (Massey connects his research in 1 Cor 11 with 1 Tim 2:9 and 1 Pet 3:3 [pp. 74-78], arguing that “Whenever braiding or the plaiting of hair is mentioned in ancient Greek texts, the context focuses upon both ostentatious and risqué behavior.”)

Two pertinent essays are listed in Lois K. Fuller Dow, Craig A. Evans, and Andrew W. Pitts, eds., The Language and Literature of the New Testament: Essays in Honor of Stanley E. Porter’s 60th Birthday (BIS 150; Leiden: Brill, 2017):
Andrew W. Pitts and Joshua D. Tyra, “Exploring Linguistic Variation in an Ancient Greek Single-Author Corpus: A Register Design Analysis of Josephus and Pauline Pseudonymity” (pp. 257–83)
Michael J. Kruger, “First Timothy 5:18 and Early Canon Consciousness: Reconsidering a Problematic Text” (pp. 680–700)

Bart L. F. Kamphuis, New Testament Conjectural Emendation in the Nineteenth Century: Jan Handrik Holwerda as a Pioneer of Method (NTTSD 56; Leiden: Brill, 2018). Kamphuis discusses Holwerda’s proposed emendations of 1 Tim 2:15 and 5:13.

Frances Young’s essay “The Pastoral Epistles and the Ethics of Reading” (JSNT 45 [1992]: 105-20) is now included in a collection of her essays: Ways of Reading Scripture: Collected Papers (WUNT 369; Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2018), 291-304.

Robert W. Yarbrough, The Letters to Timothy and Titus. Pillar New Testament Commentary. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2018. (see this blog’s earlier three posts on the volume)

Two pertinent essays are listed in Brian S. Rosner, Andrew S. Malone, and Trevor J. Burke, Paul as Pastor (New York: Bloomsbury T&T Clark, 2017):
Tim Patrick, “The Pastoral Offices in the Pastoral Epistles and the Church of England’s First Ordinal” (pp. 159–82)
Robert W. Yarbrough, “Paul as Working Pastor: Exposing an Open Ethical Secret” (pp. 143–58; the essay is incorporated into the introduction of Yarbrough’s Pillar commentary)

1 Tim 3:16 is discussed in Matthew E. Gordley, New Testament Christological Hymns: Exploring Texts, Contexts, and Significance (Downers Grove, IL: IVP Academic, 2018), pp. 183-190.

And the LTT are, of course, discussed in the freshly translated Peter Stuhlmacher, Biblical Theology of the New Testament (trans. and ed. Daniel Bailey; Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2018), making more accessible the original Biblische Theologie des Neuen Testaments. Stuhlmacher’s discussion of the letters may be found throughout the section entitled “The Proclamation in the Period after Paul,” pp. 431-87.

Conference on the Pastorals in Belgium

There is an upcoming conference on the Pastorals in Belgium that looks very interesting. Here is the description:

The Center of Excellence in Reformed and Evangelical Theology (CERET) hosted by the Theologische Universiteit Kampen and the Evangelische Theologische Faculteit Leuven (ETF Leuven) organizes a thematic seminar sponsored by NOSTER on the origin of the so-called Pastoral Epistles (1-2 Timothy and Titus). Joining an ongoing debate, a team of international scholars and respondents from a variety of backgrounds and perspectives will gather to discuss the question whether these New Testament writings were written as individual letters or composed as an intentional letter corpus. Scholars, students, and all who are involved in the academic study of the Pastoral Epistles are warmly invited.

You can see the press release here and view the program for the event here.

It looks very promising, and I am told they aim to publish the papers in a theme volume of the Journal for the Study of Paul and His Letters in the near future. It is encouraging to see such interest in the Pastorals.

New Commentary by Bob Yarbrough

I have been eagerly anticipating Bob Yarbrough’s Pillar commentary on the Pastorals, so I was pleased to hear from Chuck Bumgardner that it is due out next week (release date 8/28). Yarbrough’s 1-3 John is one of the best commentaries I’ve read, and I’ve had the opportunity to hear he present some of his Pastorals research, so this promises to be a great volume.

It is available for pre-order at Amazon, but as Chuck pointed out the book is actually available for a much chepaer price at Target!

PE Related Papers at Upcoming Conferences

Thanks to Chuck Bumgardner, we have a list of papers related to the Pastorals slated for upcoming academic conferences.

ETS 2018 (in addition to the Pastoral Epistles Study Group)

 

Mary L. Conway (McMaster Divinity College): “Gender in Genesis 1-3 in Conversation with 1 Timothy 2”

Marjorie J. Cooper (Baylor University): “Analysis and Conclusions Regarding 1 Tim 2:8‒3:1a”

P. Sweeney (Winebrenner Theological Seminary): “The Spirit’s Warning of Apostasy in 1 Tim. 4:1‒3: A Pressing Concern in 1 Timothy”

Brian H. Tung (Trinity Evangelical Divinity School): “’Savior of All People’: Distinguishing Universality from Universalism in the Pastoral Epistles”

 

SBL 2018

Adam Booth (Duke University): “Paul among the Physicians: 1 Tim 2:15 and Salvation in a Context of Contested Health Claims”

Meira Z. Kensky (Coe College): “‘Thus a Teacher Must Be’: Pedagogical Formation in John Chrysostom’s Homilies on 1 and 2 Timothy”

Lyn Kidson (Macquarie University): “Fasting, Bodily Care, and the Widows of 1 Timothy 5:3‒15”

Andrew M. Langford (University of Chicago): “A New Solution to the Riddle of Timothy’s ‘Stomach and Frequent Ailments’ (1 Timothy 5:23): Sins, Signs, and Stigma in Ancient Philosophical and Medical Diagnosis”

Dogara Ishaya Manomi (Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz): “Towards an African Biblical Virtue Ethics? Hermeneutical and Methodological Reflections with Insights from the Letter to Titus”

Anna C. Miller (Xavier University): “‘Not with gold, pearls, or expensive clothes’: Wealthy Women, Speech, and Citizenship in 1 Timothy and the Democratic Polis”

Dan Nässelqvist (Lund University): “Christological Hymns in an Ancient Perspective: What We Can Learn from Embedded Prose Hymns in Non-Christian Sources” [engages 1 Tim 3:16]

W. Andrew Smith (Shepherds Theological Seminary): “Moving Forward on the Pastoral Epistles ECM [Editio Critica Maior]”

David Trobisch (Museum of the Bible): “Listening to Paul: Letter Collections as a Narrative Genre” [special attention given to the Pastorals]

Cynthia Long Westfall (McMaster Divinity College): “Texts and Social Contexts: Sets of Possibilities for Pauline Texts Concerning Gender”

 

International SBL 2018

Sharon Jacob (Pacific School of Religion): “Under the Guise of Modesty! Women’s Bodies, Cultural Purity, and the Politics of Dress in 1 Timothy 2:8‒15: A Contextual, Feminist, and Postcolonial Reading”

Cory B. Louie (University of Notre Dame): “Imitating Paul in His Many Contests: Life, Death, and the Ambiguous Metaphors of 2 Tim 4:6‒8”

Kwang Meng Low (National University of Singapore): “Paul Beyond Piety: A Reading of Paul’s Injunction to Prayer (1 Timothy 2:1‒7)”

Dogara Ishaya Manomi (Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz): “Virtue in the Letter to Titus”

Richard K. Min (University of Texas at Dallas): “The Liar Paradox in Titus 1:12”

Jermo van Nes (Evangelische Theologische Faculteit): “Peculiar Language in the Pastoral Epistles? A Reassessment of Register Variation as an Explanatory Model”

 

 

Pastoral Epistles Study Group this week at ETS

If you are coming to ETS this week, I hope you will plan to come to our Pastoral Epistles session. We have a great slate of papers once again this year.

Here is the information on our session.

11/16/2017
8:30 AM-11:40 AM
Convention Center — Room 550 A

Pastoral Epistles
Impact of the Pastorals on our View of Paul

Moderator
Ray Van Neste, Union University

8:30 AM—9:10 AM
Fred Sanders, Biola University
“Grace the Civilizer: Paul Undomesticated in the Pastoral Epistles”

9:20 AM—10:00 AM
Eckhard Schnabel, Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary
“Paul and the Next Generation of Christian Leaders: The Contribution of the Pastoral Epistles to New Testament Ecclesiology”

10:10 AM—10:50 AM
Greg Couser, Cedarville University
“The Judgment of Believers in 2 Timothy: What is Judged and What is the Outcome?”

11:00 AM—11:40 AM
Marty Feltham, Macquarie University (in Sydney)
“Carefully Crafted or a Clumsy Imitation? Assessing the Argument of 1 Timothy 2:1-7”